California Bar Exam 2022: All the Details You Need To Know

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As with its counterparts in other states, saying the California Bar Exam is difficult would be an understatement. The California Bar Exam is considered one of the most challenging exams of its kind in the United States, primarily due to having the lowest historical pass rates. For example, of the 4,205 applicants who took the February 2020 California Bar Exam, only 1,128 passed, good for an overall pass rate of just 26.8% (38.0% for first-time applicants and 22.0% for repeat applicants).

Still, that is not to suggest that you cannot pass the daunting, high-stakes exam, whether as a law graduate or apprentice. This article will offer some critical information about the California Bar Exam, so you know how to prepare and what to expect before and on exam day.

About the Exam: Dates and Administration

The California Bar Exam is administered over two days in three portions: 1) California Essay Questions, 2) California Performance Test, and 3) Multistate Bar Exam (MBE). The California essay questions and performance test are offered on Day 1, while the MBE is administered on Day 2. On Day 1, applicants will answer three essay questions in the morning and two in the afternoon for a total of five, plus the performance test that same afternoon. On Day 2, they will take the MBE.

Please take note of the following relevant exam dates and filing fees:

Application Deadline $50 Late Fee Deadline $250 Late Fee Deadline
February 22-23, 2022 (Tuesday & Wednesday) Los Angeles, Palms Springs, San Francisco/Oakland Bay Area, Sacramento Postmarked on or before November 15, 2021 Postmarked on or before December 15, 2022 Received by January 18, 2022
July 28,29, 2022 (Tuesday & Wednesday) Los Angeles, Palms Springs, San Francisco/Oakland Bay Area, Sacramento Postmarked on or before April 1, 2022 Received between April 2nd and April 30th, 2022 Received between May 1st and June 1st, 2022
Thursday, July 29, 2022 Los Angeles, Palms Springs, San Francisco/Oakland Bay Area, Sacramento Postmarked on or before April 1, 2022 Received between April 2nd and April 30th, 2022 Received between May 1st and June 1st, 2022

Source: California Bar Exam Information | Important Dates & Guidelines

Structure & Subjects

Generally, the California Bar Exam requires candidates to answer questions from the subjects below:

  • Business Associations
  • Civil Procedure
  • Community Property
  • Constitutional Law
  • Contracts
  • Criminal Law and Procedure
  • Evidence
  • Professional Responsibility
  • Real Property
  • Remedies
  • Torts
  • Trusts
  • Wills and Succession

1. California Essay Questions

This portion consists of five essay questions designed to assess your ability to analyze legal issues arising from fact scenarios or patterns. Your answer should demonstrate that you are competent in analyzing the facts of the question, identifying the difference between material facts and immaterial facts, and discerning the law and fact upon which the question is based. Moreover, your response must indicate that you know and understand the essential principles and law theories, their merits and limitations, and how they intersect.

What’s important here is not proving that you can remember the legal principles you happened to have memorized but that you are adept in their use and application in real-life scenarios. These essays are meant to test your ability to think like a lawyer, with mastery of when to apply the law logically, primarily based on the facts presented to reach a reasonable conclusion.

2. California Performance Test

California offers a 90-minute performance test question, which assesses your ability to understand specific legal principles in response to a factual situation. The question presents a scenario and asks the applicant to identify the correct tasks to be performed in response to said scenario. This test requires you to demonstrate your ability to analyze legal issues, separate relevant and irrelevant facts, assess the reliability of the facts, and identify whether they are sufficient to arrive at a logical conclusion.

3. Multistate Bar Exam (MBE)

Developed by the National Conference of Bar Examiners (NCBE), the MBE features 200 multiple-choice questions administered in two, three-hour sessions (each testing 100 questions) for a total of six hours. You will be tested on the seven subjects:

  1. Civil Procedure
  2. Constitutional Law
  3. Contracts
  4. Criminal Law and Procedure
  5. Evidence
  6. Real Property, and
  7. Torts

Every topic on the California State Bar Exam is essential, so candidates should prepare thoroughly. However, it would be helpful to pay special attention to the following:

  1. Uniform Commercial Code (UCC)
    The essay questions may test the following:
    • Article 1
    • Article 2
    • Article 9 - Fixtures
  2. Business Associations
    You will likely encounter questions on various Business Associations such as Sole Proprietorships, Partnerships from General to Limited (LP and LLP), Limited Liability Companies, Corporations (LLC), Joint Ventures, etc. That’s why it’s critical to understand the similarities and differences between these business structures.
  3. Civil Procedure
    Brush up on your knowledge of Federal Civil Procedure and how it compares and contrasts to the California Code of Civil Procedure, especially where the California Code of Civil Procedure has no exact correspondence to its Federal Civil Procedure counterpart.
  4. Evidence
    Polish your knowledge of Federal Rules of Evidence and how it compares and contrasts to the California Evidence Code, especially where the California Rules of Evidence have no exact match among the Federal Rules.
  5. Professional Responsibility
    This probably goes without saying, but the expectation of uncompromising professional responsibility will always be a staple of the legal profession. That’s why you should ensure that you are well-versed in the California Rules of Professional Conduct, the California Business and Professional Code, and relevant federal and state case laws. You should also be familiar with the American Bar Association (ABA) Model Rules of Professional Conduct and the ABA Model Code of Professional Responsibility. You may encounter questions on Professional Responsibility in various sections of the California Bar Exam.
    Note: Before you can practice law in California, you must also pass the Multistate Professional Responsibility Examination (MPRE). The MPRE features 60 multiple-choice questions administered over two hours.
  6. Wills and Succession
    Refresh your knowledge of the following provisions of the California Probate Code and California Law governing these topics:

Division 2. General Provisions

  • Part 1. Effect of Death of Married Person on Community and Quasi-Community Property, Sections 100-103
  • Part 3. Contractual Arrangements Relating to Rights at Death, Sections 140-147
  • Part 5. Simultaneous Death, Sections 220, 222-224
  • Part 6. Distribution Among Heirs or Beneficiaries, Section 240

Division 6 Wills and Intestate Succession

  • Part 1. Wills
  • Chapter 1. General Provisions, Sections 6100, 6101, 6104, 6105
  • Chapter 2. Execution of Wills, Sections 6110-6113
  • Chapter 3. Revocation and Revival, Sections 6120, 6121, 6123
  • Part 2. Intestate Succession, Sections 6400-6402

Division 11. Construction of Wills, Trusts, and Other Instruments

  • Part 1. Rules of Interpretation of Instruments, Sections 21105, 21109, 21110
  • Part 6. Family Protection: Omitted Spouses and Children [for decedents dying on or after January 1, 1998]
  • Chapter 2. Omitted Spouses, Sections 21610-21612
  • Chapter 3. Omitted Children, Sections 21620-21623

What Makes the California Bar Exam Unique?

The California Bar Exam has been considered the most difficult exam because of the state's higher MBE passing score - commonly referred to as the "cut score" - of 144 which, until the October 2020 exam, was the second-highest required score behind Delaware. Beginning with the October 2020 CA bar exam, the cut score was lowered to 1390 (due to COVID), still representing the 4th highest cut score in the US as of the July 2021 exams.

California lets aspiring lawyers take the bar exam without having earned a Juris Doctor. These candidates are permitted to apprentice with a practicing attorney or judge instead. California is the only state/jurisdiction with such a policy.

California also offers a one-day Attorney Examination, which practicing attorneys in good standing for at least four years in another U.S. jurisdiction can take to practice law in California.

Costs and Fees

The cost to register for the California Bar Exam varies depending on your filing date and whether you are applying to sit for the General Bar Exam or the Attorney’s Exam. Below is the cost breakdown:

Application Type Cost*
Filed by the Deadline $677
Filing Late $727
Filing by the Final Deadline $927
Attorney Exam Fee $983
Laptop Fee $153

For the July 2022 California Bar Exam, a $50 late registration fee applies if candidates fail to register on or before April 1st. If you register between April 2nd until April 30th, you will only pay the $50 filing deadline late fee. However, if you fail to register on or before June 1st, the late fee increases significantly to $250. This is the final deadline late fee.

As a California Bar Exam candidate, be mindful of the above filing deadlines to avoid late fees, especially the final deadline late fee, or it will cost you a lot of money. For example, if you aren’t vigilant and don’t register for the July exam by June 1st, your exam fees could go up by an incredulous 500 percent!

Cost-Saving Options

These bar exam-related costs can add up and become quite expensive. The good news is that you have options that could waive some of the fees or help you pay for them altogether. One such option is applying to scholarships dedicated to helping bar exam candidates with related costs.

For example, the California Bar Foundation awards 15 bar exam scholarships annually to law students who intend to venture into public interest law careers. Nominated by their law schools, recipients of the Rosenthal Bar Exam Scholarship have typically demonstrated a significant commitment to service in the public interest within their communities through leadership and volunteerism.

Berkeley Law has an outside agency scholarships page dedicated to third-party scholarships available to law students enrolled at a law school in California. The page provides a snapshot of pertinent information to the various scholarships, ranging from $500 to over $10,000, including application deadline, award amount, and website link. This scholarship page is a helpful resource for bar exam candidates to consider.

Other California Bar Exam scholarship resources include the Mexican American Bar Foundation and the Latina Lawyers Bar Association. As a California Bar Exam candidate, explore as many of these scholarships as possible to help you with the bar exam costs.

California Bar Exam FAQs

What is the California Bar Exam pass rate over the last few years?

California has some of the lowest historical pass rates of all US jurisdictions. In May 2020, the State Bar of California released the February 2020 Bar Exam results, consistent with its low pass rates in recent years. Below is a breakdown of the numbers:

February 2020 General Bar Exam Preliminary Statistics

  • Completed the exam: 4,205 applicants
  • First-time applicants: 1,192 (28.3 percent of total)
  • Pass rate for first-time applicants: 38.0 percent overall
  • Repeat applicants: 3,013 (71.6 percent of total)
  • Pass rate for repeat applicants: 22.0 percent overall

California’s one-day Attorney’s Exam is also difficult. In February 2020, only 163 of the 417 attorneys who completed the exam succeeded — a pass rate of just 39.1%.

Source: The State Bar of California

How much does it cost if I fail the California Bar Exam the first time and want to retake it?

If you fail the exam on your first try, you may retake it. However, you will need to register and pay a $677 reapplication fee.

How many times can I take the California Bar Exam?

Like most jurisdictions, there is no limit to the number of times you can retake the California Bar Exam.

Can I transfer my California Bar Exam MBE score to another jurisdiction?

You can also transfer your California MBE score to another jurisdiction. To do so, you would have to electronically submit a request for MBE score services through your NCBE Account.

Can I transfer my California Bar Exam MBE score from another jurisdiction?

The California Bar Exam doesn’t let applicants transfer MBE scores from other jurisdictions.

Does California offer reciprocity with any jurisdiction?

California doesn’t offer reciprocity with other jurisdictions. However, licensed attorneys in another jurisdiction who’ve been in good standing for four years may take the one-day Attorney Exam and skip the MBE portion of the exam.

When will California release the California Bar Exam results?

The State Bar of California usually releases the July exam results by mid-November and the February exam results by mid-May. You may check your results by visiting the State Bar of California website

Final Takeaways

Widely considered the most challenging exam of its kind, the California Bar Exam will test your discipline, endurance, and desire to practice law in California. We hope that this detailed article has given you helpful information to prepare you to ace the high-stakes exam. Whatever resources you use to study for it, we wish you the best of luck with the California Bar Exam!

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